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छत्तीसगढ राज्य के लिए
1. यदि आपके पास 1950 के दस्तावेज नही है तो जाति प्रमाण पत्र के लिए निर्देश
2. सक्षम अधिकारियों के संबंध में निर्देश
मध्यप्रदेश राज्य के लिए
1. जाति प्रमाण पत्र के लिए निर्देश
2. जाति प्रमाण पत्र के लिए नियम
Date: 27th March 2014
A landmark judgment in fight to eradicate manual scavenging
Safai Karmachari Andolan welcomes historic judgment of Supreme Court on eradication of inhuman practice of manual scavenging. In its judgment today Supreme Court has deprecated the continuance of manual scavenging in the country in blatant violation of Article 17 of the Constitution of India by which, "untouchability is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden". The court was emphatic about the duty cast on all sates and union territories "to fully implement (the Law) and to take action against the violators. In a significant endorsement of concerns raised by Safai Karmachari Andolan, the Supreme Court directed the government to, "Identify the families of all persons who have died in sewerage work (manholes, septic tanks) since 1993 and award compensation of Rs.10 lakhs for each such death to the family members depending on them". The judgment has been given by Supreme Court Bench headed by Chief Justice P Sathasivam.
The court has been categorical that, "If the practice of manual scavenging has to be brought to a close and also to prevent future generations from the inhuman practice of manual scavenging, rehabilitation of manual scavengers will need to include:-
(a) Sewer deaths – entering sewer lines without safety gears should be made a crime even in emergency situations. For each such death, compensation of Rs. 10 lakhs should be given to the family of the deceased.
(b) Railways– should take time bound strategy to end manual scavenging on the tracks.
(c) Persons released from manual scavenging should not have to cross hurdles to receive what is their legitimate due under the law.
(d) Provide support for dignified livelihood to safai karamchari women in accordance with their choice of livelihood schemes.
Court also said that rehabilitation must be based on the principles of justice and transformation. The court also directed the Indian Railways, which is the largest employer of manual scavengers in the country, to take time bound strategy to end manual scavenging on the tracks.
National convenor of Safai Karamchari Andolan Bezwada Wilson said that,this is a victory of manual scavengers who have been fighting across the country for their liberation against the denial of central and various state governments repeatedly. The court acknowledged the significance of the data provided by the petitioner Safai Karmachari Andolan in its 12 years legal battle demonstrating, "that the practice of manual scavenging continues unabated. Dry latrines continue to exist notwithstanding the fact that the 1993 Act was in force for nearly two decades. States have acted in denial of the 1993 Act and the constitutional mandate to abolish untouchability."
Safai Karmachari Andolan, who has been spearheading the movement to end this obnoxious practice of manual scavenging across the country from last thirty years, said that the judgment has been huge armor in our fight and we are not going to rest until this judgment is fully implemented in letter and spirit across the country. The mission of Safai Karmachari Andolan is not to sleep until the last manual scavenger is liberated and rehabilitated with a dignified profession.
Safai Karmchari Andolan,
36 / 13 Ground Floor, East Patel Nagar
New Delhi - 110 008
Mob - 09311234793 , Ph-01125863166
आरपीआई के अठावले से तो यही उम्मीद थी, वैसे भी बाबा साहब के वंशजो ने बाबा की जितनी दुर्गत की, उतनी तो शायद उनके विरोधियों ने भी नहीं की होगी, सत्ता के लिये जीभ बाहर निकालकर लार टपकाने वाले दलित नेताओं ने महाराष्ट्र के मजबूत दलित आन्दोलन को टुकड़े-टुकड़े कर दिया और हर चुनाव में उसे बेच खाते है। अठावले जैसे बिकाऊ नेता कभी एनसीपी, कभी शिव सेना तो कभी बीजेपी के साथ चले जाते है, इन जैसे नेताओं के कमीनेपन की तो बात ही छोडि़ये, जब क्रान्तिकारी कवि नामदेव ढसाल जैसे दलित पैंथर ही भीम शक्ति को शिवशक्ति में विलीन करने जा खपे तो अठावले फठावले को तो जाना ही है।
(लेखक दलित आदिवासी एवं घुमन्तु वर्ग के प्रश्नो पर राजस्थान में सक्रिय है तथा स्वतंत्र पत्रकार है)
Skand Puran, the story available at website ………………………
EXECUTION OF SHUMBH, NISHUMBH & MAHISHASUR
Demons ( Asurs) by Hindu mythology:
1.) Mahishasur: the king of Purliya Distt.of West Bengal & Mysore (Karnatka) ( todays Yadav caste),
2.) Prachanda: the king of upper Himalya (Nepal) ( today Maoist),
3.) Chamar: The king of Asur (Shiva) North India ( Today Dalit),
4.) Mahahanu:शिव। (. तक्षक जाति का एक प्रकार का साँप), Shiva's people/follower,
5.) Dahan: The demon of Sambalpur distt. Haryana( Today's Jat ),
6.) Vikataksha: Chief of the Asuras, in the reign of king Bali.Non-Aryans, (Today non-Brahamins)
7.) Mahamauli: Barbarian ( outsider of the Aryavarta),Non-Aryans Today Non-Brahamins
8.) Shumbh and Nishumbh: The kings of Vindyachal mountain in Madhya Predesh ( todays Dalit & backwords in Vindhyachal distt)
The demons named Shumbh and Nishumbh had received boons from Brahma according to which no deity, demon or Man could kill him. Shumbh and Nishumbh became excessively arrogant and started tormenting the deities. All the deities including Lord Vishnu went to Lord Shiva and requested for his help. Lord Shiva assured them that both the demons would be killed at the opportune time. The deities were satisfied and returned back to their respective abodes. Parvati was of dark complexion. She thought that Shiva would be more affectionate towards her if she somehow discarded her dark skin. She eventually discarded her dark skin at a place and it instantly got transformed into 'Kali Kaushiki'. She then did an austere penance at Vindhyachal mountain. At that time, Shumbh and Nishumbh lived there. When both the demons saw goddess Kali Kaushiki her divine beauty infatuated them. But Goddess Kali Kaushiki ultimately killed both of them.
Mahishasur--the demon sent a female messenger to convince Parvati into marrying him. The female messenger disguised herself as a female hermit and tried to impress all the three goddess who were keeping surveillance by praising the glory of Mahishasur--
Goddess Chamunda (Durga) severed the heads of 'Chand' and 'Mund' with her chakra. Mahishasur was enraged and he attacked goddess Durga. Some other demons like Prachanda, Chamar, Mahamauli, Mahahanu, Ugravaktra, Vikataksha and Dahan also came forward to help him but each one of them was killed by goddess Durga. Now, Mahishasur's anger crossed all limits and he menacingly ran towards goddess Durga. A severe battle was fought between both of them. When Mahishasur realized that the goddess was dominating the battle, he started changing his guises frequently. He tried to dodge goddess Durga by transforming his appearance into that of a boar. But, goddess Durga kept on chasing him. Then, Mahishasur became a lion. This way he kept on changing his appearances frequently to avoid getting killed by goddess Durga. Once he transformed himself into a buffalo but goddess Durga attacked him.
This way, Mahishasur was forced to change his appearance frequently on account of relentless attack by goddess Durga. Ultimately Durga killed him. Goddess Durga picked up his severed head and danced in joy. The deities were relieved at the death of Mahishasur.